Laryngeal Mass: The two patients shown on the right have a supraglottic mass caused by a lymphoma ( a blood cell cancer ). In both patients, the mass was submucosal ( below the skin ). The photograph on the far right shows a mass protruding out over the true vocal cords , coming out of the laryngeal ventricle . The left hand picture shows a large supraglottic mass which is deep in the tissues of the larynx.
The picture on the right shows a 60 year old patient with a lymphoma arising from the left epiglottis and vallecula .
Vocal Cord Nodules: These nodules are similar to calluses on a worker's hands. They are caused by chronic straining of the voice. They are often called singer's or screamer's nodules. Speech therapy to train the patient to not abuse his/her voice is usually curative.
In hereditary angioedema , specific stimuli that have previously led to attacks may need to be avoided in the future. It does not respond to antihistamines, corticosteroids, or epinephrine. Acute treatment consists of C1-INH (C1-esterase inhibitor) concentrate from donor blood, which must be administered intravenously. In an emergency, fresh frozen blood plasma, which also contains C1-INH, can also be used. However, in most European countries, C1-INH concentrate is only available to patients who are participating in special programmes. [ citation needed ] The medications ecallantide and icatibant may be used to treat attacks.  In 2017 these medications cost between 5,700 and 14,000 US$ per dose in the United States, prices that tripled in two years.  [ medical citation needed ]
Q. what is "pulmonary edema" and what are the risks? my Dr. told me I'm in a risk group for pulmonary edema, he tried to explain what it is but i didn't understand fully...if someone may give me a brief explanation- I'll appreciate it! A. pulmonary edema occurs when, lets say, your heart left ventricle stops working properly and your right ventricle works fine. that means your lungs getting lets presume- 1 liter of blood -but your left ventricle can pump out of it only 990 ml. that means you have high blood pressure in your lungs and fluid comes out of blood vessels and fills your lungs, making it harder and harder breathing.