Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland that helps regulate hormones and the body’s circadian rhythm. It is being used in veterinary medicine as a natural treatment for coat loss in dogs, cats and ferrets. Researchers are not exactly sure how melatonin helps thicken and regrow fur. Some researchers think it may be the relationship between melatonin, sunlight, and the body’s circadian rhythm. Other’s feel that melatonin’s antioxidant properties help promote hair growth. Melatonin has also been shown to help a pet gain back weight after surgery, stress or illness and help with anxiety, insomnia, and noise phobias. Mink farmers have been known to use melatonin to promote thick coats in the winter.
Alopecia in dogs refers to hair loss that can be partial or complete, but it also refers to deficiencies in a dog’s coat or a failure of hair to grow at all. While dogs normally shed and may even have patchy coats as the seasons change, alopecia is usually very noticeable. The condition is often a symptom of other underlying issues, though it can occur on its own and sometimes has no known causes at all. You should see your veterinarian to get a proper diagnosis and begin treatment. Alopecia can affect a dog’s immune system , lymphatic system, endocrine system, and skin, which is why it is important to form a treatment plan as soon as possible. Here is what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for alopecia in dogs.